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艺品在线2020精品推荐第6期:乾隆通宝

2020-09-22 22:21:27 来源:未知

乾隆通宝是乾隆时期的流通货币, 乾隆皇帝在位的60年里施展其“文治武功”的治国策略,创造了封建社会里最后一个辉煌盛世,之后民间便盛传佩带“乾隆通宝”铜钱可驱灾辟邪,又因乾隆二字谐音“钱隆”而备受后世藏家所喜爱的钱币。

Ganlong Tongbao was a currency in circulation during Qianlong period. During the reign of Emperor Qianlong, he used his strategy of "ruling martial arts" to govern the country, which created the last brilliant prosperous time in feudal society. After that, it was widely rumored that wearing "Ganlong Tongbao" copper coins could drive away disasters and ward off evil spirits, and because of the homonym "Qianlong", it was a favorite coin of collectors in later generations.

雍正十三年(1735年),清高宗即位,改元乾隆。铸行“乾隆通宝”,要求仍重一钱二分,该钱书法铸工都比雍正时更为精美。最初清政府仍继续执行通货紧缩的政策。钱局较雍正时有所增减,首先在乾隆四年,停了宝河、宝巩、宝济三局,于乾隆五年时开宝福局,七年开宝桂局,十年开宝直局。乾隆朝以前的制钱不加锡,以铜、铅、锌配制,称之为“黄钱”,在乾隆五年规定在铸钱铜料之中加百分之二的锡,称为“青钱”。官方说是为杜绝私钱,实则无异于减重。“乾隆四十年时,私铸情况日盛,各省官员出现盗铸,政府对此无计可施,加上云南铜产量逐年递减,导致铜价飞涨,铸钱成本也随之水涨船高。清政府继而又采取了通货紧缩政策,先后停铸了宝直、大理、广西、 临安 等局,同时鼓励商人从海外进口铜材。但是这些措施未能从根本上解决问题,私铸虽有所减少,但官钱不见增加,民间交易缺钱,就出现了使用古钱的现象。到了乾隆五十年后,又相继开了宝直等局,同时放宽了铸钱的标准,所以导致乾隆后期制钱的质量参差不齐,大不如初的情况。此外在乾隆朝时期在新疆出了“乾隆通宝”红钱(也做普尔钱,“普尔”维语即钱的意思),是以新疆产铜为原料,在新疆地区铸行的,此后各朝均有铸行。

In the 13th year of Yongzheng (1735), the Emperor Gaozong of Qing Dynasty acceded to the throne, and Gaiyuan Ganlong. Casting line "Ganlong Tongbao", the requirements still weigh one money and two cents, the Shufa Qian casting workers are more beautiful than Yongzheng. Initially, the Qing government continued to implement the deflation policy. Compared with Yongzheng, the money bureau increased or decreased. First of all, in the fourth year of Qianlong, Baohe, Baogong and Baoji were stopped. In the fifth year of Qianlong, Baofu Bureau was opened, Baogui Bureau was opened in seven years, and Baozhi Bureau was opened in ten years. Before the Qianlong Dynasty, money was made with copper, lead and zinc without tin, which was called "yellow money". In the five years of Qianlong, it was stipulated that 2% tin should be added to the copper material for casting money, which was called "green money". Officials say it is to eliminate private money, but in fact it is tantamount to losing weight. "During the forty years of Qianlong's reign, the situation of private casting became more and more prosperous, and the officials of various provinces had stolen casting. The government could do nothing about it. In addition, the copper output in Yunnan decreased year by year, which led to the soaring copper price and the rising cost of casting money. The Qing government then adopted a deflation policy, stopping the casting of Baozhi, Dali, Guangxi and Lin 'an bureaus, and encouraging businessmen to import copper materials from overseas. However, these measures failed to solve the problem fundamentally. Although private investment decreased, the official money did not increase, and private transactions were short of money, which led to the use of ancient money. Fifty years after Qianlong's arrival, the Bureau of Baozhi was opened one after another, and the standard of casting money was relaxed at the same time, which led to the uneven quality of money making in the later period of Qianlong, which was not as good as the initial situation. In addition, during the Qianlong Dynasty, the "Qianlong Tongbao" red money (also called Pu 'er money, which means money in Uygur language) was cast in Xinjiang with copper produced in Xinjiang as raw material. Since then, all the dynasties have been cast.

该钱币铸于清高宗乾隆年间(1736-1795年),背面的满文比较复杂,上面有很详细的价格和钱币拓片。钱面文字"乾隆通宝"以楷书书写,其字从上而下而右而左直读。钱背文字沿雍正满文钱式穿孔左边有"宝"字,穿孔右边铸有各局名 。币种与不同时期形状与大小也有不同。

The coin was cast in the Qianlong period of Emperor Gaozong of Qing Dynasty (1736-1795), and the Manchu script on the back was complicated, with detailed price and coin rubbings on it. Qianmian script "Ganlong Tongbao" is written in regular script, and its characters are read directly from top to bottom, right to left. There is the word "Bao" on the left side of the Qian-style perforation along Yongzheng Manchu script, and the names of the bureaus are cast on the right side of the perforation. Currency and different periods have different shapes and sizes.

随着近年来钱币收藏市场越来越火热,人们开始对各种古钱币感兴趣,随着人们对古钱币关注度的提高,使得各种钱币的价格相继上涨,而乾隆通宝就是属于其中一种,近十年的时间,乾隆通宝钱币的价格涨了将近200倍,当然乾隆通宝钱币价格的涨幅与古钱币市场整体的行情的是有一定关系的。

With the increasingly hot coin collection market in recent years, people began to be interested in various ancient coins. With the increase of people's attention to ancient coins, the prices of various coins have risen one after another, and Ganlong Tongbao is one of them. In recent ten years, the price of Ganlong Tongbao coins has increased nearly 200 times. Of course, the price increase of Ganlong Tongbao coins is related to the overall market of ancient coins.

 

此件藏品现在展卖于艺品在线商城平台中,据持宝人介绍说,这件古钱币是祖上传下来的。曾让专家老师鉴定过,绝世精品。在本公司得知其有这件罕见珍品,特邀其持这件古钱币参加,现持宝人因资金周转困难原因。忍痛割爱愿将此件古钱币委托本公司代其通过网络媒体进行寻找买家。如对此藏品有兴趣收藏者,可拨打企业联系电话:400 686 3616进行洽谈。

The collection is now on sale in the art online mall platform. According to the treasure holder, this ancient coin was handed down by ancestors. It has been appraised by experts and teachers, and it is a masterpiece. We learned that he had this rare treasure and invited him to take part in it. Now the holder of the treasure has difficulty in capital turnover. We are willing to entrust this ancient coin to our company to find a buyer through network media on its behalf. If you are interested in this collection, you can call the enterprise contact number: 400 686 3616 for discussion.

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