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古玩城2020精品推荐第七期:四川造币总厂造二百文双旗币

2020-09-22 16:30:18 来源:未知

1911年辛亥革命胜利后,清帝退位,中华民国成立。民国成立时,由于币制尚未建立,主要的造币厂,大都仍沿用前清钢模铸造钱币,以供流通需要,当时四川改铸四川铜元,有二百文、五百文一等币值。随后在颁布的“临时大总统令”中提出要“另刊新模,鼓铸纪念币”,国民政府统一币模后,原本的钱币便停止了铸造发行,因而四川造币厂贰百文铸造量少,流通时间短,极其珍贵。

After the victory of the Revolution of 1911, the Qing Emperor abdicated and the Republic of China was founded. When the Republic of China was founded, because the monetary system had not yet been established, most of the major mints still used the former Qing steel mold to cast coins for circulation. At that time, Sichuan changed to cast Sichuan Copper Dollar, which had first-class currency values of 200 Wen and 500 Wen. Subsequently, in the "Provisional Presidential Decree" issued, it was proposed to "publish new models and drum-cast commemorative coins". After the national government unified the currency models, the original coins stopped being cast and distributed, so the Sichuan Mint's 200-text coins were extremely precious because of their small amount of casting and short circulation time.

四川造币总厂造二百文双旗币,钱币正面圆环内铸有“贰百文”字样,圈内下方为麦穗环绕,圈外上面铸写“中华民国二年”六字,下方铸写“四川造币厂造”六字,左右两侧各饰一朵四角星花纹;钱币背面中间有双旗交叉而立,旗杆系有弯曲的璎珞,双旗笔直挺立,位于珠圈内,圈外上方为英文字体“中华民国二年”,下方为“200文”英文字样。此类钱币根据其背面的旗帜图案,有直缨、曲缨之差异,此枚四川造币厂造二百文属于曲缨双旗。

Sichuan Mint General Factory made two hundred double-flag coins, with the word "two hundred words" cast in the front ring of the coin, surrounded by wheat ears at the lower part of the ring, the words "two years of the Republic of China" cast on the outer ring, and the words "made by Sichuan Mint" cast on the lower part, with a four-corner star pattern on the left and right sides; There are two flags crossing each other in the middle of the back of the coin. The flagpole is tied with bent wreaths and wreaths. The two flags stand upright and are located in the bead circle. The English font "Two Years of the Republic of China" is on the top of the circle, and the English words "200 characters" are on the bottom. According to the flag pattern on the back of this coin, there are differences between straight tassels and curved tassels. The 200 pieces made by the Sichuan Mint belong to the double flag of curved tassels.

双旗二百文铜元由于不是单一铸造者生产,故其版式亦相应较多。仅仅是有明显差异的版式也在数十种以上。双旗二百文铜元可按其币背交叉双旗下垂之旗缨不同而分为两大类版式,旗缨垂直下垂者,带称“直缨版”;旗缨环绕旗杆下垂者,俗称“曲缨版”。

The layout of the 200-Wen copper coins in Shuangqi is relatively large because they are not produced by a single foundry. There are only dozens of formats with obvious differences. Double flag 200 copper coins can be divided into two categories according to the difference of the flag tassels hanging down under the double flag. If the flag tassels hang down vertically, the belt is called "straight tassel version"; The flag tassel hangs around the flagpole, commonly known as the "curved tassel version".

 

1913年(民国2年).因尹昌衡率军人藏平叛而代尹继任四川军政府都督的胡景伊,在继续铸造“汉”,增铸重七钱的二百文大面额铜元一种。币面中心直书“贰百文”面值.两旁分列嘉穗图案,上沿糖年号“中华民国二年”,下沿锈厂名“四川造币厂造”,左右分列十字花星。钱币背中央为交叉双旗图,外环殊圈,上沿锈英文“THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA”(中华民国),下沿锈英文“200 CASH(200仙)。这是民国时期四川铜元中唯一使用英文的一种。铸造钢元面额愈大,获利愈厚。胡景伊铸造之二百文铜元。一枚可换当十文铜元二十枚。一枚十文铜元重二钱,二十枚共重四十钱,而一枚二百文铜元仅重七钱,故胡景伊每铸一枚二百文铜元,即可掠夺人民财产十文银元十六枚半。当年所铸二百文铜元则多达200万枚左右,此后逐年增大铸量。1917年(民国6年)罗佩金、戴戡人川主政后,干脆停铸十文、二十支四川铜币,其铸五十文、一百文四川铜币及二百文双旗铜元。至民国13年前后,四川境内大面额二百文铜元完全充斥市面,小面额铜元销声匿迹,或流出省外,或被熔化改铸。民间交易缺乏小面额铜元找补.不得已而将双旗二百丈宰为两半,或宰为四块,当一百文及五十文使用,四川民间俗称其为“宰板”。

In 1913 (in the second year of the Republic of China), Hu Jingyi, who succeeded Yin as the governor of Sichuan military government because Yin Changheng led the army to fight against rebellion, continued to cast "Han" and added a kind of copper coin with a large denomination of 200 Wen, which weighed seven money. The face value of "200 Chinese characters" in the central straight book of coins is divided into Jiasui patterns on both sides, with the sugar year number "Republic of China two years" on the upper side, the rust factory name "Sichuan Mint" on the lower side, and cruciferous stars on the left and right sides. There is a cross double flag in the center of the coin back, with a special circle on the outer ring, with the rust English "THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA" on the upper side and the rust English "200 cash" on the lower side. This is the only copper coin in Sichuan during the Republic of China that used English. The larger the denomination of cast steel, the thicker the profit. Hu Jingyi's two hundred copper coins. One can be exchanged for ten coppers and twenty coppers. A ten-Wen copper coin weighs two dollars, 20 coins weigh forty dollars, and a two-hundred-Wen copper coin weighs only seven dollars. Therefore, Hu Jingyi can plunder people's property by casting a two-hundred-Wen copper coin, which is sixteen and a half pieces of ten-Wen silver. In that year, as many as 2 million copper coins were cast in 200 pence. Since then, the casting amount has increased year by year. In 1917 (in the 6th year of the Republic of China), after Luo Peijin and Dai Qiren Sichuan came into power, they simply stopped casting ten and twenty Sichuan copper coins, and they cast fifty and one hundred Sichuan copper coins and two hundred double flag copper coins. By around 13 years of the Republic of China, the large denomination copper coins of 200 Wen were completely flooded in the market in Sichuan, while the small denomination copper coins disappeared, or flowed out of the province, or were melted and recast. There is a lack of small denominations of copper coins to make up for private transactions. As a last resort, two hundred banners were slaughtered in half, or four pieces. When one hundred and fifty articles were used, Sichuan folks commonly called them "slaughter boards"

 

四川铜币军政府造是1911年10月辛亥革命爆发,12月四川成立大汉四川军政府,四川军政府接管了设在成都的四川造币分厂。为满足军需和保路运动的需要,废除了前清龙模银铜币,新创四川银、铜币模型,于1912年起,由四川造币厂正式开铸四川军政府“汉”字铜元。此枚铜币是1913年铸造的精品钱币,包浆自然,包老包真。它是一枚具有很高收藏价值的精品铜元,也是很重要的一个品类,甚至可以说是民国铜元的主体品种。其未来价值的升值无可限量。藏品虽经历了无穷岁月,但纹路依然清晰可见,上面的锈迹也见证了其历史的积淀,具有非常明显的历史过渡性特征,有着难以言喻的收藏价值。铜币保存较好,钱文、轮廓 的清晰程度较好,具有很高的历史价值、艺术价值和收藏价值。

Sichuan Copper Coin Military Government was built when the Revolution of 1911 broke out in October, 1911, and Dahan Sichuan Military Government was established in December, and Sichuan Military Government took over the Sichuan Mint Factory in Chengdu. In order to meet the needs of military supplies and road protection movement, the silver and copper coins of the former Qing Dragon Model were abolished, and the silver and copper coins of Sichuan were newly created. Since 1912, the Sichuan Mint has officially opened and cast the "Han" copper coins of Sichuan military government. This copper coin is a fine coin minted in 1913. It is covered with natural paste. It is a fine copper coin with high collection value, and it is also a very important category, and it can even be said to be the main variety of copper coins in the Republic of China. The appreciation of its future value is limitless. Although the collection has experienced endless years, the grain is still clearly visible, and the rust on it has also witnessed its historical accumulation, which has very obvious historical transitional characteristics and has indescribable collection value. Copper coins are well preserved, Qian Wen and outline are clear, and they have high historical value, artistic value and collection value.

 

 

 

 

 

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