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古玩城2020精品推荐第七期:中华民国二十三年孙中山像帆船壹圆银币

2020-09-22 16:35:31 来源:未知

改革开放以来,我国钱币收藏与研究的深度和广度超过了历史上任何一个时期,钱币收藏爱好者遍及全国城乡,流散民间的珍稀历史钱币不断被发现,特别是大规模的基本建设,不少历史钱币重见天日,其间不乏很多精品,机制银元也成为钱币收藏投资的新热门品种,价格一路上扬,尤其是珍品银元,在藏品交易市场上表现异常活跃。

Since the reform and opening up, the depth and breadth of coin collection and research in China has surpassed any period in history. Coin collectors have spread all over the country's urban and rural areas, and rare historical coins scattered among the people have been found constantly, especially in large-scale capital construction. Many historical coins have come to light again, and there are many fine products in the meantime. The mechanism silver dollar has also become a new popular variety of coin collection investment, and its price has been rising all the way, especially the treasure silver dollar, which is extremely active in the collection trading market.

“船洋”是国民政府在上世纪30年代铸造的海洋帆船图案银币的俗称,是中国近代机制币中的十大名誉品之一。民国二十二年(1933年),国民党南京政府决定放弃采用金本位币制计划,确定银本位币制,并规定孙像双帆帆船银币为国币。上海中央造币厂于二十二年和二十三年开铸此币,曾大量发行流通,在我国近代发行的上千种老银币中,船洋银币 其影响仅次于“袁大头”银币。

"Chuanyang" is the common name of the silver coin with the pattern of ocean sailboat, which was minted by the National Government in 1930s. It is one of the top ten famous products in modern Chinese mechanism coins. In the twenty-second year of the Republic of China (1933), the Nanjing government of the Kuomintang decided to abandon the plan of adopting the gold standard currency system, determined the silver standard currency system, and stipulated that the silver coins of Sun Xiang's sailing boat with double sails were the national currency. Shanghai Central Mint opened this coin in 22 and 23 years, and it has been widely distributed and circulated. Among thousands of old silver coins issued in modern China, Chuanyang Silver Coin is second only to Yuan Datou Silver Coin in its influence.

 

此“中华民国二十三年”币全称为“中华民国二十三年孙中山像帆船壹圆银币”,为银币收藏中的珍稀品种之一。此币前身应是发行于民国二年(1932年)的“三鸟币”。1929年初,财政部邀外国人设计新币,后由美、日、英、意、奥五国造币公司根据同一草图试造了一批孙中山侧像样币,并在杭州试铸少量样品。南京政府并未直接采用外国样币,而是依据委过设计,于民国二十一年(1932年)发行了少量孙像帆船银币,正面为孙中山侧面像,背面为帆船放洋图,船首前方放射一束日光,天幕上有三只飞鸟。寓意“国运”、“一帆风顺”、“旭日东升”。

This "Twenty-three Years of the Republic of China" coin is called "Twenty-three Years of the Republic of China Sun Yat-sen Like Sailing One Dollar Silver Coin", which is one of the rare varieties in the silver coin collection. The predecessor of this coin should be the "Three Birds Coin" issued in 1932. At the beginning of 1929, the Ministry of Finance invited foreigners to design new coins. After that, a batch of Sun Yat-sen side decent coins were trial-produced by the minting companies of the United States, Japan, Britain, Italy and Austria according to the same sketch, and a small number of samples were trial-cast in Hangzhou. Instead of adopting foreign sample coins directly, the Nanjing government issued a small amount of silver coins for sailboats like Sun Yat-sen in the 21st year of the Republic of China (1932), with a profile of Sun Yat-sen on the front and a picture of sailboats showing the ocean on the back. A beam of sunlight was radiated in front of the bow, and there were three birds on the awning. Meaning "national movement", "smooth sailing" and "rising sun".

三鸟币发行后不久,民间流传:帆船右边海上旭日东升暗喻日本(因日本国旗即太阳旗),船上三只飞鸟暗喻日本轰炸机,因适值日本侵华,国人反日爱国情绪高涨,三鸟币被认为有辱国格,是为不祥之兆。后来国民政府为顺应民情,紧急收回,不再使用,同时改版设计新图样,去掉旭日东升和三鸟图案,准备再次铸造发行,但新币钢模制成时已是民国二十二年初了,造币厂于是将币模正面“二十一年”改为“二十二年”,然后再次发行,这就是今天多见的民国二十二年帆船壹圆银币。即我们所说的“船洋”,船洋开始在上海中央造币厂铸造。且将设计新颖,正面铸孙中山头像,背面双帆放洋图的“船洋”定为正式国币。

Shortly after the issuance of the Three Birds Coin, it was circulated among the people that the rising sun on the right side of the sailboat implied Japan (because the Japanese flag is the sun flag), and the three birds on board implied Japanese bombers. Because it coincided with Japan's invasion of China, the Chinese people's anti-Japanese patriotism was soaring, and the Three Birds Coin was regarded as insulting the national character, which was an ominous sign. Later, in order to comply with the people's feelings, the National Government urgently withdrew it and stopped using it. At the same time, it redesigned the new pattern, removing the rising sun and the three birds pattern, and prepared to cast it again. However, when the SGD steel mold was made, it was already early 22 years of the Republic of China, so the Mint changed the positive "21 years" of the coin mold to "22 years" and then re-issued. This is the common silver coin for sailing in the 22 years of the Republic of China today. That is, what we call "boat ocean", which began to be cast in Shanghai Central Mint. And "Ship Ocean" with novel design, Sun Yat-sen's head cast on the front and ocean drawing on the back is designated as the official national currency.

 

此币是民国二十三年上海中央造币厂所铸。正面镌刻孙中山先生侧面头像,上方镌“中华民国二十三年”,背面镌双桅帆船在乘风破浪前进,左右分列“壹圆”币值。在币面的设计方面,双帆币是凝聚着千百名工艺技师的智慧源泉和美学独特视角,品相极好,整体造型和谐,图案设计精美,通过光线的对照及折射,仍渗透出该币银质斑驳苍古的“包浆”,是自然形成的“时间的轨迹”。另此币因系贵金属所铸,制作数量比铜元、纸币少得多,加上民国时期社会动荡,存世量稀少,比现发行的邮票、纪念币少得多,向为钱币收藏界所看重,是我国人像银币中之大名誉品。因此也引得万千藏家竞相收藏,足见其价值地位。 也可以预见,这种帆船银币必将成为收藏界的一匹蓄势待发的黑马。

This coin was minted by Shanghai Central Mint in 23 years of the Republic of China. The front is engraved with the profile portrait of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the top is engraved with "Twenty-three Years of the Republic of China", and the back is engraved with the dhow sailing through the wind and waves, and the left and right are divided into "one yuan" currency values. In terms of coin design, Shuangfan Coin is the source of wisdom and unique aesthetic perspective of thousands of technologists. It has excellent appearance, harmonious overall shape and exquisite design. Through the contrast and refraction of light, it still permeates the mottled silver "patina" of the coin, which is a naturally formed "track of time". In addition, because this coin is made of precious metals, its production quantity is much less than that of copper coins and paper money. In addition, the social unrest in the Republic of China made it rare to survive in the world, which is much less than the stamps and commemorative coins issued now. It is valued by the coin collectors and is a famous product like silver coins in China. Therefore, thousands of collectors are competing to collect, which shows their value status. It can also be predicted that this sailboat silver coin will surely become a dark horse in the collection field.

 

 

 

 

 

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