[collection name]: pink wall crossing peach pattern poetry cup (made in the Qianlong year of the Qing Dynasty)
[collection type]: porcelain
[collection introduction]: pastel is a new type of overglaze color created by the potters of Jingdezhen imperial kiln factory, inspired and influenced by enamel color, who introduced the opaque white color material (glass white) of copper based enamel and used the configuration technique of enamel color multi-color levels for reference. The firing process of pastel is quite complicated. It can only be completed through multiple processes such as design and drawing, line drawing, color matching, color research, priming, color filling, washing and dyeing, and firing on the pre fired white porcelain. The firing temperature of pastel in the kiln for the second time is generally about 750 ℃. Pastel porcelain was created and burned in the middle and late Kangxi period, when there were few fine products. During the Yongzheng period, pastel porcelain became mature in modeling, painting techniques and decorative patterns. As pastel has changed the painting technique of five color flat painting, it gives people a sense of "Pastel softness", which is also called "soft color" as opposed to the hard color (five colors) of Kangxi. Tao Ya said: "Kangxi's color is hard, Yongzheng's color is soft. The soft color is also pastel. If there is powder in the color, red is light red, and green is light green, so it is called soft.
Emperor Qianlong ruled the Qing Dynasty for 60 years, pushing the prosperity of the "prosperous period of Kangxi and Qianlong" to the extreme. The porcelain industry in Jingdezhen was also very prosperous, integrating the achievements of previous dynasties. According to records in the Qing Dynasty archives, Emperor Qianlong had a special preference for porcelain, especially for pastel porcelain. He often paid direct attention to the firing of pastel porcelain. For example, the painting or wood samples must be submitted before making, and can only be sent to Jingdezhen imperial kiln for firing after the emperor's personal review; The use, shape, decoration, style, and poems matching the decoration of some utensils had to be approved by Emperor Qianlong; If the porcelain is not fired well, it will have to be compensated or even severely punished. For example, in the 13th year of Qianlong (1748), Qianlong issued an order: "the porcelain presented by Tang Ying is still the old sample. Why not burn and present it according to the new sample. The money and grain presented this time will not be reimbursed, and compensation will be based on it." Under this background, pastel porcelain reached the peak of its development.
"Wall crossing branch" is also called "wall crossing branch pattern". It was popular in the three dynasties of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty. It was mostly seen on colored porcelain such as plates, bowls and bottles. The "wall crossing branch pattern" has the auspicious meaning of "long-term stability". This pink wall crossing peach pattern poetry cup is attached with a green glaze base. The whole body is covered with white glaze. The glaze is white and lustrous. A broken branch peach tree winds around the opening along the wall from the bottom edge of the plate, and stretches out on the cup body. There are nine large and full peaches hanging on the tree, including the inner five and the outer three. The peach branches vibrate gently when the breeze blows, the peach leaves roll, and the peach flowers sway with the wind. The fresh and ripe peaches make people salivate. This cup uses the rendering techniques in pastel painting to reflect the three-dimensional sense of the picture. The composition is dense and elegant, and the color is elegant and beautiful. It well shows the different forms of peach flowers and the Yin and Yang of peach leaves.
The peach pattern was often used in the Yongzheng and Qianlong periods, and became the theme decoration for decorative ceramic vessels. The peach pattern implied "both happiness and longevity". Since eight peaches were painted in Yongzheng period and nine peaches were painted in Qianlong period, there is a saying "Yong Ba Qian Jiu" in the industry. This plate has inherited the legacy of the Qianlong Dynasty in terms of shape, glaze color and decorative theme, and has high collection value and appreciation space!